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SHAH ABBAS THE GREAT           261
declared against Turkey, by whose troops, it must be
recollected, Tabriz was still garrisoned. Sherley was
anxious to add to his services by visiting the Courts of
Europe in order to invite their co-operation against the
common foe, and Abbas, whose affection for the English-
man was deep and sincere, at once agreed to the proposal.
As Malcolm states, the credentials given to Sherley were
cc perhaps the most singular by which any public repre-
sentative was ever accredited," and to prove this it is
sufficient to quote the following passage : " And al you
princes y beleeue in Jesus Christ, know you, that he hath
made friendship betweene you and me ; which desire we
had also heretofore graunted, but there was none that
came to make the way, and to remoue the uaile that was
betwene us and you, but onley this gentleman ; who as
he came of his owne free will, so also oppon his desire, 1
haue sent with him a chiefe man of mine. The enter-
tainment which that principall gentleman hath had with
me, is, that daylie, whils't he hath bin in thiese partes, we
haue eaten togither of one dysh, and drunke of one cup,
like two breethren. Therefore, when this gentleman
comes unto you Christian princes, you shall credite him
in whatsoeuer you shall demaunde, or he shall say, as
mine owne person."
Most favourable privileges were granted to Christian
merchants who might desire to trade with Persia. No
Governor might interfere with them, no customs could
be enforced on them, and no "religious men" might
disturb them. In short, everything possible was done
to make the stranger feel that he was welcome in Persia.
This friendly spirit is still noticeable in the twentieth
century, and makes the lot of Europeans much pleasanter
than in other parts of Asia, where, if tolerated, they are
The embassy of Sir Anthony Sherley aroused deep
jealousy in Moscow, where the policy of the Government
had entirely changed since the days of Jenkinson. Not
only was the Persian companion of the English knight
treated as Ambassador, but he himself was thrown into
prison for some time. In the end he obtained his release